sterculiaceae family characteristics

Height: 20 feet. Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. Genera: 2. 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. witch hazel family. Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. Cola Schott & Endl. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. ... Tree Characteristics. The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) Synonyms. – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Rounded Shape. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. Possibly from old celtic or sanskrit words, 'sal'= near + 'lis'= water, refering to its prefered habitat.) Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. 4. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. Tree Characteristics. That … Has Evergreen foliage. Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … Classic name for willow. Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) 2001. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. This family consists of palm plants. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A Width: 12 feet. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs Introduction. Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Primitive characters: 1. Many species yield timber. It is also allied to the family Elaeocarpaceae and hence Bentham and Hooker had included the latter in Tiliaceae. – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. Family: Hamamelidaceae. In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. & Bonpl. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). tea-Is tea harmful or beneficial? Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. ex Cav. The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum. Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. The fruit is variable; sometimes the P: Genus Agalinis Raf. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. Theobroma cacao ; New World Crop-Plant Characteristics. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. ). Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. It contains no crop plants of great economic importance but is notable for many ornamental garden plants, such as butterfly bush It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. `` thumbnail '' image below is linked to a larger photograph the Byttnerioideae ( `` ''. 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